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Know The Fishes

Know The Fishes

The species were selected according to their purpose (sport fishing), by the alphabetical order, of their common names followed by their scientific names. Trying to provide some information about their eating habits, places of occurrence and materials used for fisheries catches. Information that will help in any way the novice fisherman in this region. We despise species that do not matter much for sport fishing as stingrays, piranhas,mandi, lambari, sardines and others.

Aruanã

Osteoglassum bicirbosum
Fam: Osteoglassidae

Osteoglassum bicirbosum
Fam: Osteoglassidae

Inhabits sluggish waters, but can also be found mainly in rivers when the waters recede, and near the outlet of the lakes. Its akin and very similar to the pirarucu (Arapaiga ginga), mainly by the size of its squama. Likes to ride in small shoals, feeding on small fish, and insects, and can make leaps of more underground to catch their prey. Reaches just over 1m long, weighing up to three to four kilos and ovovípero, guarding their eggs in the mouth, and also the young fish after hatching. It is a sportive specie, that fights too much. Can be fished with live baits such as small fish, chunks of fish and with artificial lures, especially the surface, or mode of Fly. The angler should always practice catch and release with this species because its flesh is not of good quality.

Material:

Reels or reels with light lines 15-25 pounds, hooks 1 / 0 2 / 0. Artificial lures midwater type or surface-set Fly No. 3 to No. 5.

Barbado

Pinirampus pirinampu
Fam: Pimelodidae

Leather fish, the family of catfish, gray / aluminum, with large barbels in his mouth, also classified by some biologists as stigmaticus-Loricariidae Ancistrus - could reach about 60 cm length and 5 kg. Usually inhabits the rapids, and is caught in spin mode, without the lead not to grab to the bottom. The baits can be of small fish, minhocuçu.

Material:

Reels or reels of medium size, lines 17-25 pounds, hooks 2 / 0-5 / 0 fish, chicken heart or gut. The species is not very selective as to the bait, but it is very quarrelsome despite the size.

Bargada

Gosline platynema
Fam: Pimelodidae

Its also a leather fish of the family of bagre, also called surubim whip by some fishermen due to the fact of possessing the body elongated, filiform, and flat head. Inhabits mainly shallow beaches, coarse sand at the bottom, has spores that can cause serious injuries. There are large species, breaking lines up to 40 pounds in the first rush, the material is not properly calibrated. It is fished from the beach, letting the stick stuck in the sand in a wait staff, while awaiting your hook. Fish can also be loaded by placing the vessel near the beach, flipping the line toward the erasure. His favorite lures are small fish such as sardines, piaus, bagre, lambaris and minhocuçu. Today is the biggest species of fish, which can bring in line with current legislation.

Material:

Reels or reels of medium to large, lines 30-60 pounds, hooks 5 / 0 8 / 0, great sinkers to have a good throw from the beach.

Bicuda

Boulengerella cuvieri-Subbfamília hydrcyaninae
Fam: Characidae

It has a cylindrical and elongated form, with his mouth like a beak, dark silver color, can reach up to 1m long. Voracious fish attacks the bait with incredible speed and is much appreciated in fishing. Its meat is not good, so the angler should practice catch and release. Look good on small fish, bait and artificial surface, half water, spoons and stuff Fly.

Material:

Reels or small reels, lines 15-17 pounds, hooks 1 / 0 or smaller, and supplies Fly No. 3 to No. 4.

Cachorra

Hodrolicus Scomberoides
Fam: Characidae

Another predator of the Araguaia River, has the body in the form of a large elongated lambari, silver color, it possesses two large front teeth that fit when the fish closes its mouth. Inhabits rapids and outflows of lakes, walking always in small pods, ready to attack their prey. Can reach up to 4 kg, and about 1m long. Their food is small fish. It can be fished with small fish, pieces of fish, also with spoons and midwater lures .

Material:

Reels and reels of small and medium-sized lines of 20 pounds to 30 pounds, hooks 1 / 0 2 / 0.

Caranha

Colossoma Mitry
Fam: Characidae

One of the most sought copies of the Araguaia River, usually walking in shoals near the surface with the fins out. Inhabits backwaters, and opening of rapids, riverbanks and near the middle. Presents the half-oval shape, with dark silvery scales and lower body through red, often mistaken as small as bitch ass chin due to staining. Good fight fish , his strength is great, especially if you are in a rapid, and reaches 60cm and up to 15kg. It is a carnivorous and omnivorous species, depends on what is available in season. For your fishing is recommended, strong hook, with encastor steel because it has very strong jaws and can break the jatoba fruit, the coconut tucum with ease. We use as bait, chunks of sour fish (piau, pope land), some fruits of the season, and even minhocuçu masses. It can be fished at the beat of spin, or apoitado wells at the end of the rapids.

Material:

Reels or reels of medium to large, lines 30-50 pounds, 6 hooks / 0-8 / 0, with encastor steel sinkers averages, one should use the spinner.

Corvina

Plagiosaion ternetizi
Fam: Sciaenidae

Some biologists also classified as Pachyurus Francis - marine species that has adapted in fresh water; has silvery scales, medium blue with oblique lines, can reach 70cm, and weight 6Kg, inhabits both lakes, and rivers. On the river walk in shoals, near the rapids and in places with rocks. Carnivorous fish can be caught with pieces of fillet on the bottom or troll work slowly. The night usually stays under the snoring boat. White meat and good for consumption, but deteriorates easily, has two stones in the head, which are used for decorations. The fishermen believe brings good luck to place these stones, near the fishing box.

Material:

Reels or reels light, lines of 15 pounds, hook 1 / 0, light sinker

Dourada ou Apapá

Brachyplatystoma flavicans
Fam: Pimelodidae

Species that resembles the golden waters of the St. Francis and the Plata Basin, with the elongated body like a sardine large, with small scales, with the golden color, has a small mouth, making it difficult to hook, feeding on small fish, is essentially carnivorous, inhabiting the rapids, leaving the lakes, places where attacks with incredible speed their prey. Reaches 60 cm and 3 kg. Can be fished with natural baits, with small fish with artificial lures and half water and small spoons. Lacks the quality meat, has many thorns, and sport fisherman should always return this beautiful species to the water when you can.

Material:

Reels and reels with lines Lightweight 15-17 lbs, material Fly No. 3 to No. 4.

Matrinchã

Beycon melanopterus
Fam: Characidae

Considered the queen of the silvery freshwater fish of the most sought after by fishermen, for their beauty and sportsmanship. Gives several jumps when hooked, measures about 40cm and weighing up to 5 kg Anda in huge shoals, up the river, from April. His flesh pink, is of excellent flavor, podendoser used to make the famous xaximim of Japanese cuisine. In the Araguaia region is prepared with grilled and served with sauce scale part. It feeds on small fish and some fruits of the season. It can be fished in round or stopped along the riverbanks. Picks up very well with fish baits, minhocuçu, chicken hearts and artificial lures with half water, spoons and spinners are changing in this case Garate by a hook.

Material:

Take, lines 15-20 pounds, hooks 1 / 0 Note: In some rivers of clear water can be fished with fly, paragraph 3 to 5.

Pintado

Coruscans
Fam: Pimelodidae

Light colored with spots and striped black by the body. Usually inhabits, lakes, MOUTH Lake, backwaters and beaches. Reaches about 60cm to 1m long and up to 15 kg in our region, feeding on small fish, striking the tail on the prey before eating them. Can be fished with bait fish or minhocuçu. Its meat is very tasty, can be eaten fried or sauce.

Material:

Reels or reels of medium size, 25-40 pounds lines, hooks, 2 / 0-6 / 0.

Piau

Friderci Leporinus Leporinus bimaculatus
Fam: Anostmidade

There are several species of fish in the Araguaia basin, as piau knife, piau ,three pints piau, Flemish piau and fat head piau. These species highlight the piau fat head that reaches about 40cm and 3 kg of weight. Form large schools, feeding on small insects, fruits, worms, etc.. Can be fished with little worm, corn, cassava depending on prime. Its fish in both lakes, as in Cevasa or river in shoals.

Material:

Lightweight, wands hillbillies, Line 15 pounds, small hooks.

Pirarara

Phactocephalus hemiliypterus
Fam: Pimolidae

Big head, has one third the size of the body, its name means parrot fish because of its reddish color and yellow, has two yellow spots, and below the lateral line a black list, white belly and part of its dorsal fin red. It is considered the tractor from the river, because his strength is enormous, dragging the bait to the bottom and underneath logs. Weighs on average 30kg to 80Kg and about 60cm to 1,30 m in length. It inhabits generally the outputs of the lakes and in places where there is much junk. It feeds on smaller fish and even small animals, there are many legends about this species, which draws people to the river bottom, especially children who are swimming in deep wells, bait your pet, piranhas are baited whole.

Material:

Heavy. Lines 70-90 pounds, 8 hooks / 00-10 / 0.

Piraíba

Brachyplatystoma filamentosum
Fam: Pimelodidae

Considered the largest catfish of our rivers, depending on the size is called Puppy (up to 1.5 m) after piraiba (up to 2m) of Piratinga (after 2m). Can measure as an adult, over 3m in length and weighs over 150Kg. The region of the Amazon River, it is believed that small canoes to attack and swallow people. Inhabit the main river channel and large backwaters. Give big jumps, in which, put your whole body out of water, despite its large size. When hooked the fisherman must release the boat to try to fight with the beast. Due to overfishing, the species is protected by law, being prohibited its fishing in the State of Goiás.

Pirarucu

Arapaiga giga
Fam: Arapamidae

Also known as Arapaima is considered the largest species of scale in Brazil, reaching more than 3m long and up to 150 kg. Lives in lakes and streams. Its name derives from "pyre" and fish "annatto", red. To climb up for air, feeding on small fish such as betray, piranhas. Its meat is highly appreciated by coastal salt that is also called Brazilian codfish. By being in process of extinction, their fishing is prohibited in the Araguaia region.

Tucunaré

Cichla ocellaris
Fam: Cichlidae

Considered the species most sports in Brazil, yellowish or bluish, with dark bands in the body and an ocellus in syrup. In the Araguaia region were three main species: the peacock blue, cherry and yellow. Can reach up to 80cm in length and in the 4kg weight 6Kg. Carnivorous fish, feeding on smaller fish. The pair of peacock bass protects their offspring for several months. Usually inhabits the lakes, and some tributaries of the Araguaia. His fishing baits can be performed with small fish, but the way sports is used, artificial lures of various types: surface, midwater, or spoons. It can also be fished with fly, with various types of baits.

Material:

Reels and reels of small or medium size, lines 17-20 pounds. Material to Fly, No. 4 to No. 6

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